5th Grade

Elementary School Standards - Grade 5


Reading Literature

RL 5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

Reading Informational

RI 5.6 Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

Reading Foundations

RF 5.3a Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context. (See pacing guide for specific skills)


W 5.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (Text Dependent Questions about literature and informational text)


Essential Concept #1 - Operations & Algebraic Thinking (ALCOS Standards #1, 2, 3):

Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols. [5.OA.1]

Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. [5.OA.2]

Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5.OA.3]

Essential Concept #2 – Geometry (ALCOS Standards #23, 24):

Coordinate grid (Quadrant I only), axes, ordered pairs, x-coordinate and y-coordinate, origin. [5.G.1]

Represent real world and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. [5.G.2]

Essential Concept #3 – Fractions (ALCOS Standards #11, 12, 14, 17):

Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5.NF.1]

Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate answers. [5.NF.2]

Multiply a fraction by a fraction or a fraction by a whole number. [5.NF.4]

Divide a fraction by a whole number and a whole number by a fraction. [5.NF.7]


Rotation A – Earth, Gravity, Space

12. Defend the claim that one factor determining the apparent brightness of the sun compared to other stars is the relative distance from Earth.

13. Analyze data and represent with graphs to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky (e.g., shadows and the position and motion of the Earth with respect to the sun, visibility of select stars only in the particular months).

Rotation B – Ecosystems

14. Use a model to represent how any two systems, specifically the atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere, and/or hydrosphere, interact and support life (e.g., influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; influence of mountain ranges on winds an d clouds in the atmosphere).

15. Identify the distribution of freshwater and salt water on Earth (e.g., oceans, lakes, rivers, glaciers, ground water, polar ice caps) and construct a graphical representation depicting the amounts and percentages found in different reservoirs.

16. Collect and organize scientific ideas that individuals and communities can use to protect Earth's natural resources and its environment (e.g., terracing land to prevent soil erosion, utilizing no - till farming to improve soil fertility, regulating emissions from factories and automobiles to reduce air pollution, recycling to reduce overuse of landfill areas).

Social Studies

5.11 Identify causes of the Civil War, including states' rights and the issue of slavery.

  1. Describing the importance of the Missouri Compromise, Nat Turner's insurrection, the Compromise of 1850, the Dred Scott decision, John Brown's rebellion, and the election of 1860

  2. Recognizing key Northern and Southern personalities…

  1. Locating on a map sites important to the Civil War

Examples: Mason-Dixon Line, Fort Sumter, Appomattox, Gettysburg, Confederate

states, Union states (Alabama)

  1. Explaining events that led to the conclusion of the Civil War