4th grade

Elementary School Standards - Grade 4


Reading Literature

RL.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

Reading Informational

RI.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and

when drawing inferences from the text.

Reading Foundations

RF.4.3a Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context. (See pacing guide for specific skills)


W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (Text Dependent Questions about literature and informational text)


Essential Concept #1 - Number and Operations in Base Ten (ALCOS Standard #10, 11):

Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [4.NBT.5]

Find whole number quotients and remainders with up to four-digit dividends and one –digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [4.NBT.6]

Essential Concept #2 – Fractions (ALCOS Standard #16, 17, 18):

Express a fraction with denominator of 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100 and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. [4.NF.5]

Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100 (identify the tenths polace and hundredths place; represent a decimal on a number line). [4.NF.6]

Compare two decimals to hundredths by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two decimals refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual model. [4.NF.7]

Essential Concept #3 – Geometry (ALCOS Standard #26, 27):

Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in two-dimensional figures. [4.G.1]

Classify two-dimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category and identify right triangles. [4.G.2]


Rotation A – Water and Land

12. Construct explanations by citing evidence found in patterns of rock formations and fossils in

rock layers that Earth changes over time through both slow and rapid processes (e.g., rock

layers containing shell fossils appearing above rock layers containing plant fossils and no

shells indicating a change from land to water over time, a canyon with different rock layers

in the walls and a river in the bottom indicating that over time a river cut through the rock).

15. Analyze and interpret data (e.g., angle of slope in downhill movement of water, volume of

water flow, cycles of freezing and thawing of water, cycles of heating and cooling of water,

speed of wind, relative rate of soil deposition, amount of vegetation) to determine effects of

weathering and rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, and vegetation using one single form of

weathering or erosion at a time.

16. Describe patterns of Earth's features on land and in the ocean using data from maps (e.g.,

topographic maps of Earth's land and ocean floor; maps of locations of mountains,

continental boundaries, volcanoes, and earthquakes).

Rotation B – Energy and Waves

5. Compile information to describe how the use of energy derived from natural renewable and

nonrenewable resources affects the environment (e.g., constructing dams to harness energy

from water, a renewable resource, while causing a loss of animal habitats; burning of fossil

fuels, a nonrenewable resource, while causing an increase in air pollution; installing solar

panels to harness energy from the sun, a renewable resource, while requiring specialized

materials that necessitate mining).

6. Develop a model of waves to describe patterns in terms of amplitude and wavelength, and

including that waves can cause objects to move.

8. Construct a model to explain that an object can be seen when light reflected from its surface

enters the eyes.

Social Studies

4.13 Describe the economic and social impact of World War II on Alabamians, including entry of women into the workforce, increase in job opportunities, rationing, utilization of Alabama’s military installations, military recruitment, the draft, and a rise in social consciousness.

4.14 Analyze the modern Civil Rights Movement to determine the social, political, and economic

impact on Alabama.

a. Recognizing important persons of the modern Civil Rights Movement…

b. Describing events of the modern Civil Rights Movement…

c. Explaining benefits of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and Brown versus Board of Education Supreme Court case of 1954